This report by Kellogg College, University of Oxford and the Global Centre on Healthcare and Urbanisation investigates the links between urban matters and health and wellbeing. Through the use of secondary data, the commission’s overarching recommendation were that ‘health creation’ – interventions that positively improve health and wellbeing – should be the determining factor for built environment, planning and placemaking policies. The paper also includes a discussion around the priority to achieving better outcomes for physical and mental health, suggesting that they will simultaneously address wider inequalities in society, improve the city’s economy and productivity, support efforts to combat climate change, and reduce the escalating costs of the National Health Service (NHS) and social care.
In the past, the Commission on Creating Healthy Cities has produced the Healthy Cities Toolkit, an evidence bank, to highlight problems and solutions that connect health and the urban environment. Our report also contains advice on using local data to inform decisions on appropriate interventions. The authors conclude with a set of recommendations, which follow under four headings: Built Environment, Transport and Mobility, Public Health and Wellbeing, and Good Governance.